Hosting software artifacts and components is a critical activity for most modern software teams. Whether you are managing dependencies for development, distributing packages across your engineering org, or serving Docker images for your CI/CD pipelines, having a flexible and scalable hosting platform is key.
Nexus has emerged as one of the most popular open source repository managers available today. Developed by Sonatype, Nexus provides organizations with a highly extensible repository manager to store, manage, proxy, and distribute all of their binaries.
In this blog post, we will take an in-depth look at using Nexus as a hosting solution. We’ll explore the key benefits it provides, walk through some common use cases, and highlight best practices for configuration and optimization. By the end, you’ll understand how Nexus can help your organization improve productivity and collaboration through superior binary management.
Some of the key topics we’ll cover include:
- Overview of Nexus and its hosting capabilities
- Supported repository formats like Maven, npm, and Docker
- Integrating Nexus with your CI/CD pipelines
- Following configuration and security best practices
- Performance tuning and scaling considerations
- Real-world examples and use cases
Whether you are just starting out with Nexus or looking to get more from your existing deployment, this guide will provide you with the information you need to maximize the value of Nexus for binary hosting. Let’s get started!
Overview of Nexus Hosting Solutions
Nexus provides organizations with a highly flexible and extensible platform for hosting all types of software binaries and artifacts. The repository manager has become a key component of many technology stacks thanks to its robust DevOps-ready architecture.
Some of the key hosting capabilities enabled by Nexus include:
- Repository management for formats like Maven, npm, Docker, Helm, and more
- Caching and proxying of external repositories
- Distribution of artifacts across teams and tools
- Integrations with CI/CD pipelines and SCMs
- Hosting documentation, guides, and other collateral
- Providing an innovation platform and startup hub
Nexus excels at:
- Binary management with integrity checks
- Maven repository management for Java/JVM projects
- npm package management at scale
- Docker registry and image management
- Raw file storage
- Role-based access control
- REST APIs for automation
- High availability through clustering
With its diverse repository formats, Nexus can host almost any software artifact including:
- Java JARs, WARs, EARs
- RPMs and Debian packages
- Python Eggs and Wheels
- Docker images
- Helm charts
- npm packages
- Go binaries
- Nuget packages
This flexibility makes Nexus an ideal solution for most hosting needs. Next we’ll look at the benefits of using Nexus.
Benefits of Using Nexus for Hosting
Nexus offers numerous benefits that make it an ideal solution for hosting software artifacts and components:
- Flexible and scalable hosting infrastructure
- Supports diverse storage options like disk, NAS, and cloud
- Easy to scale up resources through clustering and high availability
- Built-in DevOps capabilities
- Native support for CI/CD pipelines
- Docker registry and image management
- Integrations with Jenkins, Bamboo, CircleCI, etc.
- Integrations with CI/CD pipelines
- Simplifies incorporating Nexus into pipelines
- Webhooks and APIs for automation
- Caching dependencies speeds up builds
- Package management for binaries, containers, etc.
- Excels at hosting all types of binaries
- Maven, npm, Docker, Helm and more
- Checksums ensure integrity
- Improved productivity and collaboration
- Centralized repository improves teamwork
- Faster retrieval of dependencies
- Role-based access control
Nexus enables organizations to host artifacts securely while improving developer productivity. Next we’ll explore the key features Nexus provides.
Key Features of Nexus Repository Manager
Nexus Repository Manager provides many useful features for managing binaries and artifacts in your software development lifecycle. Here are some of the key features:
- Maven repository management – Nexus supports the Maven repository format for storing Java/JVM binaries and build artifacts. It can proxy remote Maven repositories and host internal Maven repositories.
- npm package management – Nexus can proxy the npm registry and host private npm registries for managing Node.js packages.
- Docker registry – Nexus supports Docker registries for managing Docker images. It can proxy Docker Hub and other Docker registries and also host private Docker registries.
- Raw file storage – Nexus can store any type of binary file, including jars, zips, wars, tarballs, and media files.
- Remote caching – Nexus can proxy remote repositories and cache artifacts to speed up builds.
- Hosted repositories – Nexus can host internal repositories for storing release artifacts, snapshot artifacts, and third party binaries.
- Repository groups – Nexus can consolidate multiple repositories into a single group, making tool configuration easy.
- Smart proxying – Nexus only proxies what is needed by clients, minimizing bandwidth and storage usage.
- Access control – Nexus has fine-grained, role-based access control to restrict access to repositories and content.
- Audit logging – Nexus logs security events like authentication, authorization, and repository access.
- SSL support – Nexus enables SSL for secure communication with clients.
Integration and Management
- REST APIs – Nexus provides REST APIs for automation and CI/CD integration.
- CLI – Nexus provides a command line interface for automation scripts.
- LDAP support – Nexus can integrate with LDAP and Active Directory for external authentication.
- HA clustering – Nexus supports clustering for high availability configurations.
This covers some of the most useful capabilities that Nexus Repository Manager provides. It is a feature-rich platform for managing binaries across the software development lifecycle.
Implementing Best Practices for Nexus Hosting
Nexus configuration and management can be optimized for performance, security, and reliability by following these best practices:
- Use dedicated user accounts for Nexus with least privileges necessary
- Run Nexus as a service, not as root
- Set up SMTP for notifications
- Configure routing rules to prevent leaking internal project names
Backups and Monitoring
- Automate daily backups and validate them regularly
- Monitor Nexus logs and metrics with external tools like Prometheus
- Avoid too many blob stores, use blob store groups
- Keep staging repos in same blob store
- Set blob store quotas and alerts
- Use a test environment for reporting
- Enable audit logging
- Limit user privileges with roles
- Integrate authentication via LDAP or OAuth
- Check repository health for risks
Integration and Management
- Follow Nexus configuration guides
- Use Nexus REST API for automation
- Manage Nexus with CI/CD pipelines
- Control Nexus versions with SCM tools
Adhering to configuration guidelines, setting up monitoring and backups, performance tuning, applying security controls, and integrating Nexus with pipelines and SCM tools are key best practices for optimal Nexus repository hosting. Proper Nexus administration is critical for secure delivery of artifacts.
Use Cases and Examples
Nexus provides flexible hosting capabilities that can benefit organizations in many ways. Here are some common use cases and examples:
Hosting Java/Maven Artifacts
- Store Maven artifacts like JARs, WARs, and EAR files
- Host internal Maven repositories for releases, snapshots, etc
- Proxy external Maven repos like Maven Central
- Cache Maven dependencies to speed up builds
Storing Docker Images
- Host private Docker registries
- Manage pipeline images for CI/CD
- Proxy Docker Hub and other image registries
- Promote images across dev, test, prod registries
Distributing npm Packages
- Host private npm registries
- Cache dependencies from npmjs.org
- Accelerate builds by caching npm packages
Caching Dependencies for Builds
- Cache Maven, npm, NuGet, and other dependencies
- Avoid lengthy remote downloads during builds
- Configure remote repositories for proxy caching
Serving as an Organizational Proxy
- Consolidate access to external repositories
- Hide internal project names and structure
- Reduce load on public repositories
- Cache artifacts to improve build speeds
These examples illustrate the diverse use cases Nexus can support for hosting software artifacts and binaries. Nexus provides flexible repository management to streamline development and delivery workflows.
Nexus hosting provides a number of benefits for websites and web applications:
- Centralized repository management allows artifacts and dependencies to be published as a single source of truth and shared efficiently among projects. This improves build speed and reliability.
- Effective storage and caching provides optimized performance. Files are stored locally after the first download, improving site speed.
- Basic repository management features like access control, version management, availability, retention policies, dependency analysis, and audit trails help manage components.
- Support for a wide range of binaries and artifacts like Java, Maven, npm, NuGet, Docker images, and more. This flexibility allows many projects to use Nexus repos.
- Integration with common build tools and CI/CD pipelines like Maven, Gradle, Jenkins, and more. Artifacts can be published directly from builds.
- Hosted and proxy repositories provide flexibility. Proxy repos cache remote repositories for speed. Hosted repos store private artifacts.
- REST APIs allow custom integrations and dashboards to be built on top of Nexus. Repository data can be leveraged in custom ways.
- Role-based access controls and support for LDAP integration enables fine-grained permissions management.
Overall, Nexus Repository Manager streamlines dependency and artifact management for software development teams. Its centralized repositories, extensive language support, robust access controls, and integrations accelerate development cycles and improve engineering productivity.
What types of websites does Nexcess host?
- WordPress sites – Nexcess provides optimized WordPress hosting with automatic caching, CDN, and security plugins for faster performance.
- WooCommerce stores – Nexcess WooCommerce hosting includes features like PCI compliance, staging sites, and autoscaling for ecommerce.
- Magento stores – Nexcess offers specialized hosting for Magento with 24/7 support, dynamic scaling, and caching.
- Custom web apps – Nexcess can host web apps built on PHP, Node.js, Python, Ruby, and more.
- Static sites – Nexcess shared hosting works for hosting static HTML sites.
What are the benefits of Nexcess hosting?
Nexcess includes more features than other hosts at a lower price point. Benefits include:
- 24/7 support by phone, chat, and ticket
- Free SSL certificates
- Generous resources and workers
- Multiple PHP versions
- WordPress-specific features like object caching
- Enterprise-grade security and compliance
Does Nexus Digital support PHP?
Yes, Nexus Digital supports PHP on all of their Linux hosting plans. You can run PHP websites and web apps on their servers.
Does Nexus Digital support ASP.NET and Windows hosting?
Yes, Nexus Digital Windows hosting plans fully support Active Server Pages (ASPX) and ODBC database connections for Access and SQL Server. This allows you to run ASP.NET sites.
What is Altium NEXUS Server?
Altium NEXUS Server provides collaboration and management tools for electronics design teams using Altium NEXUS. It helps manage projects, track revisions, and enable team workflows.
- Centralized storage for design files and projects
- Managed user access with role-based permissions
- Revision control and design release workflows
- Task assignment, tracking, and reporting
- Integrated component management
- Automated backup and recovery
How is it deployed?
Altium NEXUS Server can be deployed on-premises or hosted in the cloud. The on-prem version installs on Windows Server while the cloud uses Azure infrastructure.
How is it licensed?
Altium NEXUS Server uses a subscription license model based on the number of users. A multi-user license provides access for your whole team.
What are the system requirements?
The on-premises version has minimum requirements of Windows Server 2012, SQL Server 2014, and .NET 4.6.2. For cloud hosting, Azure infrastructure is provisioned automatically.